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5 无为法品

2002-06-14 824 报道:佛教天地
无为法品第五

  复次无为法者。有其三种。一虚空。二择灭。三非择灭。谓虚空无为者。虚空但有无还为性。由无障碍遍一切处。名虚空无为色于中行。其余所有门窗窍隙。所有明暗等空及阿伽色等。皆非无为。二择灭无为者。谓无漏智断诸障染。见修二道所显真理。名择灭无为。三非择灭无为者。谓能永碍未来法生。得灭异前名非择灭得不因择但由阙缘。名非择灭。此三无为。一切有部许有实物。经部师说无有造作。问真如岂非无为耶。答彼即无我。以声闻乘不说法无我故。人无我者。即无常等十六行相。三谛行相。即是有为。灭谛行相惟择灭法。非余法故。如是器精。道果无为。所知五者。总摄一切所知法故。情器之法即是苦谛。成彼之因。即是集谛。道果二法。即是道谛。择灭无为。即是灭谛。虚空非择二种无为。三种非四谛摄。苦集二谛有漏法故。道灭二谛无漏法故。如是所说。世出世间。有为无为。所知法已

  种相富具足   叡智皇太子
  数数求请故   慧幢吉祥贤
  念住日藏论   起世对法等
  依彼造此论   有情所知论
  机宜有无边   纂略列为五
  缣惯果   并无为法等
  故今明开示   冏冏晓解者
  惟兹彰所知   解已复示他
  此论文句等   乖义懈怠过
  智者并启请   惟愿垂忍纳
  所生诸善根   周遍虚空界
  我共诸众生   愿证无上果 

  彰所知论者。为菩萨真金皇太子求请故。法王上师萨思迦大班弥达足尘顶授比丘癹思巴慧幢吉祥贤。时壬寅仲秋下旬有三鬼宿直日。于大吉祥萨思迦法席集竟。持经律论妙音并智。师子笔授
 
  大经云。森罗及万像。一法之所印。重重交光。历历齐现。非法界之现量欤。彰所知论者。乃先皇裕宗皇帝。圣明观照。神智叡鉴。愍邪见之衒惑。伤正涂之壅底。劝请帝师法王。利乐有情故。阐扬至觉真理。原始要终。修习次第之大旨也。弘而密。奥而典。古锦钝金。随器受用。义摄为五。至当归一。所言情器世界者。非若夫群盲摸象之异执。或言一气。或曰自然。直指心造。详明劫初。罗笼八极之外。剖析邻虚之内。如像临镜。如指在掌。言道法者。以少欲知足。闻思修慧三十七菩提分为其因。言果法者。以资粮加行见道修习无学为。其果。言无为者。四圣谛中之灭谛理也。由其五法总摄一切所知法故。故曰彰所知论。真智灵知。岂见闻觉知之谓乎。深入缘起。穷法实相。盖依念处日藏起世对法相应之义。而错综其宏纲也。然则他化天王通力。观世界微尘数之雨滴。犹目睹所受用物。声闻起神用。观三千大千世界如掌中庵摩罗果。况正遍知之妙用。其孰能语于此。盛矣优昙瑞世。天开玉历之期。像教中兴。时际金轮之治。钦惟圣制云。皇天之下。一人之上。西天佛子。大元帝师。玺篆赐玉。宠渥弥隆。其尊师重道。为万世帝王之彝典也。行宣政院同知廉公。正奉夙承授记。深乐佛乘。一日以江浙总统沙罗巴大师所译彰所知论。传之前松江府僧录管主八大师。师续雕大藏圣教。偶其时忻获至宝。锓梓随函。属余序其后。辞不获免。辄述教起之由致。至于发扬圣教之粹美。则备于公之本序云。时大德丙午十月既望。江西前吉州路官讲报恩寺。讲经释克已序


(A) Namastraiyabdhika^na^m! tatha^gata^na^m! savartra^pratihata^va^ptidharmata^balina^m!, om% asama-

  sama samantato 'nantana^va^ptis/a^sani, hara smara smaran!a vigatara^gabuddhadhaumate, sara

  sara samabala^, hasa hasa, traya, traya, gagana maha^calaraks!an!a, jvala jvalana sa^gare sva^ha^.

(B) Namastraiyabhika^na^m! tatha^gata^na^m! sarvavajradhara^n!a^m! can!d!a^la can!d!a^la, cala cala, vajra

  vajra, s/a^ntana s/a^ntana, phalana phalana, cara cara, ma^ran!a ma^ran!a, vajrada^lakat!a, lalitas/i-

  khara samantavajrin!i, jvala jvala, namos/tr te agrogras/a^sa^na^na^m! ran!a ran!a ham! phula

  spha^t!a vajrottame sva^ha^.

(C) Namah! samantavajra^n!am! tra^t!a, amogha can!d!amaha^ros!an!a spha^t!aya hu^m!, bhra^maya bhra^-

  maya hu^m!, tra^t!a hu^m!, mam%, balam! dade tejoma^lini sva^ha^.

(D) Tadyatha^, ilimitte tilimitte, ilitilimitte, dumbe, duh!se, duh!sa^li^ye, dumba^li^ye, takke tark-

  karan!e, marmme, marmaran!e, kas/mi^re, kas/mi^ramukte, aghane, aghanaghane, ilimili^ye, ak-

  ha^pye, apa^pye s/vete, s/vetatun!d!e, ana^nuraks!e sva^ha^.

(E) Tadyatha^, illa^, cilla^, cakko, bakko, kod!a^ kod!oti, nikurud!a^ nikurud!eti, pod!a^ pod!eti, mod!a^,

  mod!eti, purud!a^ purud!eti, phat!arahe phut!at!an!d!a rahe, na^ga rahe, na^gat!at!an!d!a rahe, sarpa

  rahe, sarpat!at!an!d!arahe, chala vis!as/a^te, s/i^tacatta^le, halale, halale, tan!d!i, tad!a tad!a,

  ta^d!i ta^d!i, mala mala, sphut!a sphut!a, phut!u sva^ha^.

  Iti hi bhiks!avo ja^n%gulya^m! vidya^ya^m! uda^hr!ta^ya^m! sarvabhu^tasama^gate sarvam! tatha^vita-

  tha^nanyatha^bhu^tam! satyamavipari^tamaviparyastam!, idam! vis!amavisam! bhavatu, da^ta^ram!

  gacchatu, dam!s!t!ra^ram! gacchatu, agnim! gacchatu jalam! gacchatu, sthalam! gacchatu, stambh-

  am! gacchatu, kud!yam gacchatu, bhu^mim! samkra^matu, s/a^ntim gacchatu sva^ha^.

(F) Tadyatha^, para^kramasi, udayamasi, vairamasi, arkamasi, markamasi, vanamasi, antarddha^-

  namasi, pathe me raks!a, utpathe me raks!a janato me raks!a, cairato me raks!a, ra^jato me

  raks!a, sim!hato me raks!a vya^ghrato me raks!a, na^gato me raks!a, sarpato me raks!a, sarvato

  me raks!a, raks!a raks!a, ma^m! sarvasattva^m!s/ca sarvabhayebhyah! sarvopa^ye sarvopa^ye sopasargebhyah!

  sva^ha^. Um%vad!ili um%vad!ili sarvadus!t!a^na^m! granthim! vanda^mi sva^ha^.

  Namo ratnatraya^ya, namo ma^ri^cyai devata^yai, ma^ri^cya^ devata^ya^ hr!dayama^vartayis!ya^mi.

  Tadyatha^ batta^li, bada^li, bada^li, bara^li, vara^hamukhi, sarvadus!t!a^na^m! niva^raya, bandha

  mukham! sva^ha^.
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