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大威德金刚鎏金铜坛城

2002-07-08 828 报道:佛教天地
  大威德金刚鎏金铜坛城
  GILDED COPPER MANDALA OF YAMANTAKA
  明永乐时期(公元1403-1424年)YONGLE REIGN OF THE MING DYNASTY (1403-1424)
  高82厘米HEIGH 82CM
  收藏单位:西藏博物馆TIBET MUSEUM
  大威德金刚是格鲁派主修的密宗主尊。藏传佛教认为他是无量寿佛呈现的忿怒身,因为他能伏恶护善,所以被称为“大威德”。大威德金刚有九个头、三十四只手、十六条腿、正面是一人牛头。三十四只手中分别拿铃、杵、刀、剑、箭、弓、瓶、索子、钩、戟、伞等法器,表现本尊的智慧、勇猛、精进、威力无比。十六条腿分别踩十六种象征了天王和明妃的动物。这座坛城设计成八瓣莲花状,构思巧妙,技艺精湛,座上有“大名永乐年施”款,是永乐时期由宫廷制作,赐与西藏的杰作。
  YAMANTAKA ,ONE OF THE ESOTERIC ARCHETYPE DEITIES OF THE DGE-LUGS SECT ,IS THE INCARNATION OF AMITAYUS WRATHFUL FORM 。HE CAN PUOTECT THE GOOD AND VANQUISH DEMOUS SO HE IS CALLED YAMANTAKA。HE HAS NINE HEADS。THIRTY-FOUR ARMS AND SIXTEEN LEGS 。A BULLHEAD IS IN THE CENTRE OF THE HEADS 。THE THIRTY-FOUR ARMS ARE RADIATING AROUND HIM AND RESTECTIVELY HOLDING A BELL ,TRIDENT ,CHOPPER ,LASSO,SWORD ,ARROW ,BOW ,BOTTLE ,ROPE ,HOOP AND UMBRELLA 。THESE SYMBOLS INDICATE WISDOW BRAVERY,POWER AND INVINCIBILITY。THE SIXTEEN LEGS ARE TRAMPLING ON SIXTEEN ANIMALS ,WHICH SYMBOLIZE ,HEAVENLY GUARDIANS AND CONSORTS 。THIS MANDALA IS DESIGNED IN THE EIGHT LOTUS TETAL SHAPE ,WHICH IS INGENIOUSLY CONCEIVED AND EXQUISITELY CAST ,THE INSCRIPTION ON THE BASE READS “BESTOWED IN THE YONGLE REIGN OF THE MING DYNAST”THIS IS A MASTERPIECE MADE IN THE IMPERIAL COURT AND GIFTED TO TIBET
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