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鎏金铜铃、杵(一)

2002-07-09 489 报道:佛教天地
  鎏金铜铃、杵
  GILDED COPPER BELL AND VAJRA
  明宣德时期(公元1426-1435年)XUANDE REIGN OF THE MING DYNASTY (1426-1435)
  铃高20、直径10、杵高15、直径4厘米BELL:HEIGHT20CM DIAMETER 10CM VAJRA HEIGHT 14CM DIAMETER 4CM
  收藏单位:布达拉宫管理处POTALA PALACE COLLECTION
  铃是藏传佛教中常用的法器之一,金刚铃代表着智慧,具有摧破、坚固的作用,以表明佛智的坚固,能够摧破烦恼。在修法时摇动金刚铃,可以惊觉诸尊,警悟有情。这件铃的内壁镌有“大明永乐年施”款,制作工艺精湛,铃音清脆悦耳,是明代宫廷制造后赐给西藏某位高僧的。杵原为古印度的一种兵器,后来被密宗吸收为法器。金刚杵表示坚利之智,可以断烦恼、伏恶魔。金刚杵的造型大同小异,中间有把手,两端有独股、三股、五股、九股之分,以五股的金杵最为常见。
  THE BELL ,A SYMBOL OF WISDOM ,IS ONE OF THE COMMONLY USED BUDDIST IMPLEMENTS IN TIBETAN BUDDHISM 。IT IS BELIEVED TO HAVE THE POWER OF CONQUERING AND STRENGTHENING AND THEREFORE SYMBOLISES THAT THE WISDOM OF BUDDHA IS POWERFUL ENOUGH TO DEFEAT ALL KINDS OF TROUBLES 。DURING RELIGIOUS PRACTICE ,BELLS ARE RUNG TO WARN ALL THE DEITIES OF POSSIBLE DANGER 。THERE IS A MARK INSCRIBED ON THE INNER SIDE OF THE BELL ,WHICH READS,“MADE IN THE YONGLE REIGN OF THE MING DYNASTY ”,WITH A PERFECT ACOUSTIC EFFECT ,THIS BELL WAS ELABORATELY MADE AND BESTOWED UPON A NOBLE TIBETAN MONK BY THE IMPERIAL COURT OF THE MING DYNASTY 。VAJRA ,ONE OF THE WEAPONS IN ANCIENT INDIA ,WAS ACCEPTED AS A RELIHIOUS ATTRIBUTE BY ESOTERIC BUDDHISM 。IT SYMBOLIZES THE UTMOST WISDOM ,WHICH CAN CONQUER ALL TROUBLES AND ALL PROSTRATING DEMONS
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