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五佛冠

2002-07-09 565 报道:佛教天地
  五佛冠
  FIVE-DHYANI BUDDHA CROWN
  清(公元1644-1911年)QING DYNASTY (1644-1911)
  高21、宽57厘米HEIGHT 21CM WIDTH57CM
  原收藏单位:西藏博物馆TIBET MUSEUM
  五佛冠为高僧、活佛在修行密宗时所戴,它象征着五智如来的宝冠。五佛即不动佛、宝生佛、无量光佛和毗卢佛。“五佛五智”的义理出自金刚乘教义,是密宗的主要义理之一,认为只有拥有法界体智、大圆镜智、平等性智、妙观察智、成就智等五智方能达到“菩提”。这件五佛冠形状如五莲瓣,每瓣上镶有宝剑、莲花、金刚杵、宝轮、火焰等装饰图案,下缀长缨。
  A FIVE-DHYANI BUDDHA CROW,THE IMITATION OF THE FIVE-WISDOM CROW WORN BY TATHAGATA ,IS WORN BY AN EMINENT MONK OR A LIVING BUDDHA (A BUDDHA INCARNATE )DURING THE ESOTERIC BUDDHISN PRACTICES 。THE FIVE BUDDHAS ARE AKSOBHA ,RATNASAMBHAVA ,AMITABHA ,AMOGHASIDDHI AND VAIROCANA AND FIVE WISDOMS ARE WISDOM OF THE NATURE OF THINGS ,GREAT MIRROR WISDOM ,WISDOM TO SEE THE IDENTITY OF ALL THINGS ,WISDOM OF PROFOUND INSIGHT AND WISDOM OF SUCCESS ,ACCORDING TO BUDDHISH ESOTERIC TEXTS ,ONE CANNOT ENTER THE “BODDHI”STATE UNTIL ONE ACQUIRES ALL FIVE WISDOMS 。THIS FIVE-DHYANI BUDDHA CROWN IS SHAPED LIKE A FIVE-PETAL LOTUS DECORATED WITH DESIGNS OF SWORD ,LOTUS FLOWER ,VAJRA ,WHEEL OF DHARMA AND FLAMES 。TWO TASSELE ARE ATTACHED TO THE LOWER ENDS 。
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